Philosophy of Science 101: What Is the Problem of Induction?

This article provides an overview of the problem of induction in the philosophy of science. It explores the difference between induction, projection, and explanatory inferences, and presents the “Ravens problem” as an example. The article discusses David Hume’s framing of the problem of induction and the lack of rational basis for assuming that patterns observed in the past will continue in the future. It also examines different approaches to understanding the relationship between observations and theories in science. The article concludes with an examination of Nelson Goodman’s “New Riddle of Induction” and the challenges it presents to a purely formal theory of confirmation.

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